Occam or Ockham, William

(1270?-1349?)
   Schoolman, b. at Ockham, Surrey, studied at Oxf. and Paris, and became a Franciscan. As a schoolman he was a Nominalist and received the title of the Invincible Doctor. He attacked the abuses of the Church, and was imprisoned at Avignon, but escaped and spent the latter part of his life at Munich, maintaining to the last his controversies with the Church, and with the Realists. He was a man of solid understanding and sense, and a masterly logician. His writings, which are of course all in Latin, deal with the Aristotelean philosophy, theology, and specially under the latter with the errors of Pope John XXII., who was his bête-noir.

Short biographical dictionary of English literature . . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Occam’s / Ockham’s razor —  Paring all presumptions to the minimum, a principle attributed to the English philosopher William of Occam, or Ockham (c. 1285–c. 1349) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Ockham, William — (William of Occam) (ca. 1288–1347)    One of the most significant theologians and philosophers of late medieval Europe,William of Ockham is generally considered to be the first “nominalist” thinker, so called because his position on universals… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Ockham, William of — or William of Occam born с 1285, Ockham, Surrey?, Eng. died 1347/49, Munich, Bavaria English Franciscan philosopher, theologian, and political writer. A late Scholastic thinker, he is regarded as the founder of a form of nominalism, the school of …   Universalium

  • William of Ockham — Full name William of Ockham Born c. 1288 Ockham, England Died 1347 or 1348 Munich, Holy Roman Empire …   Wikipedia

  • Ockham's razor — n. OCCAM S RAZOR * * * Methodological principle of parsimony in scientific explanation. Traditionally attributed to William of Ockham, the principle prescribes that entities are not to be multiplied beyond necessity. In practice, this means that… …   Universalium

  • Ockham — Occam or Ockham may refer to: William of Ockham, the Medieval philosopher Ockham Development Group, Oncology CRO Ockham, Surrey, believed to be the birthplace of the philosopher Occam s razor, a methodological principle named after the… …   Wikipedia

  • William — may refer to:*William (name), a masculine given nameRoyaltyBritish*William I of England (1027 1087), a.k.a. William the Conqueror, William the Bastard *William II of England (1056 1100), a.k.a. William Rufus *William I of Scotland (c. 1142 1214) …   Wikipedia

  • Occam — William of see OCKHAM William of …   English World dictionary

  • William of Occam — Wilhelm von Ockham, Skizze aus einer 1341 angefertigten Handschrift der Summa logicae Wilhelm von Ockham, englisch William of Ockham oder Occam (* um 1285 in Ockham in der Grafschaft Surrey, England; † 9. April 1347 in München) war ein berühmter… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William of Ockham — Wilhelm von Ockham, Skizze aus einer 1341 angefertigten Handschrift der Summa logicae Wilhelm von Ockham, englisch William of Ockham oder Occam (* um 1285 in Ockham in der Grafschaft Surrey, England; † 9. April 1347 in München) war ein berühmter… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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